Rotoscopy is a technique used in animation and visual effects to create realistic and fluid motion by tracing over live-action footage frame by frame. This painstaking process involves skilled artists meticulously hand-drawing or digitally manipulating each frame, resulting in a seamless integration of the animated elements with the live-action footage. Rotoscopy allows for the enhancement of visual effects, the creation of fantastical characters and environments, and the blending of animation and reality, bringing a unique and captivating visual experience to the screen.


Compositing is a fundamental process in visual effects and film production that involves combining multiple elements, such as live-action footage, computer-generated imagery (CGI), and digital assets, to create a final cohesive image or scene. Through the use of various software tools and techniques, compositors merge different elements together, adjusting colors, lighting, and other visual properties to ensure seamless integration and realism. Compositing plays a vital role in enhancing visual storytelling by enabling the creation of complex environments, adding realistic effects, and seamlessly blending disparate elements to deliver captivating and visually stunning final images or sequences.

Paint prep

Paint prep is a crucial stage in the production pipeline of visual effects and film projects, where meticulous preparation is done before the actual painting or texturing of 3D models or sets. During paint prep, artists and technicians analyze reference materials, gather texture data, and clean up models or surfaces to ensure they are ready for painting. This involves removing any imperfections, seams, or unwanted elements, as well as optimizing UV layouts for efficient texturing. Additionally, artists may create texture maps, such as color, bump, or displacement maps, to provide surface details and enhance the realism of the final rendered images. The paint prep stage sets the foundation for high-quality texturing and shading, allowing for seamless integration of digital assets into the visual effects or film production pipeline.


Matchmove, also known as camera tracking or motion tracking, is a crucial process in visual effects and film production that involves accurately replicating the movement and position of a real-world camera within a virtual 3D environment. By analyzing patterns and tracking points in live-action footage, matchmove artists reconstruct the camera's path and extract its parameters, such as position, orientation, and focal length. This information is then used to integrate computer-generated elements, such as CGI characters or virtual backgrounds, seamlessly into the footage, ensuring they move and interact convincingly with the real-world environment. Matchmove serves as a foundational step in many visual effects tasks, including object tracking, set extensions, and virtual camera projections, allowing for the seamless blending of real and digital elements on screen.


Rotomation is a specialized technique used in visual effects and animation that combines elements of rotoscoping and animation to bring life and movement to computer-generated characters or objects. It involves using motion capture data or filmed reference footage of live actors or objects as a basis for animating digital counterparts. Rotomation artists carefully track the movements of the recorded subjects and transfer them onto the digital characters or objects, ensuring that their actions and gestures match those of the real-life reference. This technique allows for the creation of realistic and nuanced performances, as well as the seamless integration of computer-generated elements into live-action footage. Rotomation plays a vital role in bringing digital characters to life with the same level of authenticity and expressiveness as their human counterparts, adding a layer of believability and immersion to visual effects and animated productions.